Pay close attention to the goal and task of fine plastic reduction, lead the new trend of green life
release date: Source: China Economic Herald
the new version of the "plastic restriction order" - the opinions on further strengthening plastic pollution control, which was issued and implemented at the beginning of this year, has attracted widespread attention in the society and proposed to take the lead in banning and restricting the production, sales and use of some plastic products in some regions and fields by the end of 2020
in order to successfully complete the phased objectives and tasks of plastic pollution control in 2020, nine departments, including the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of ecological environment, the Ministry of industry and information technology, the Ministry of housing and urban rural development, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of culture and tourism, the General Administration of market supervision, and the China Federation of supply and marketing cooperatives, jointly issued the notice on Solidly Promoting plastic pollution control, which made specific arrangements for the key work in the next stage, Compact all parties and refine the executive standards
target by the end of 2020: implement the fine target task
"can the plastic straw still be used?" "What are daily chemical products containing plastic beads?" "Even roll bags in supermarkets have been banned?" China Economic Herald found in the interview that the public is still in a relatively "vague" cognitive state about the prohibited plastic products
in order to answer public doubts and reduce understanding deviation, the notice defines the detailed standards for the prohibition and restriction management of relevant plastic products in 2020: first, it reaffirms the categories that have long been banned by relevant national regulations. For example, in 2007, the production and sale of ultra-thin plastic shopping bags with a thickness of less than 0.025 mm were banned, and in 2017, the production and sale of polyethylene agricultural mulch films with a thickness of less than 0.01 mm were prohibited by mandatory national standards. The second is to clarify the policy requirements by the end of 2020 for the categories that are easy to accumulate in the natural environment or have leakage risks. For example, it is forbidden to produce and sell disposable foamed plastic tableware and disposable plastic cotton swabs, and it is forbidden to produce rinsing cosmetics, toothpaste and tooth powder that deliberately add plastic beads. The third is to define the scope of prohibition and restriction management of common disposable plastic products in life, and make it clear that by the end of 2020, the use of non degradable building structure testing technical standard gb/t50344 ⑵ 004 plastic shopping bags, disposable plastic knives, forks and spoons, and disposable plastic straws will be prohibited in some regions and places
there are so many disposable plastic products, why ban these first? An expert interviewed said that these categories with high risk of environmental leakage are the key to the pollution control of plastic materials. "Taking ultra-thin plastic shopping bags as an example, they are more likely to leak to the environment and cause environmental pollution problems." Different plastic products have different shapes and varieties, and their leakability is also different. He further explained: "ultra thin plastic shopping bags are more difficult to collect and standardize, and are more likely to leak to the environment." In addition, although the pollution of some plastic products is small, it is cumulative. The expert said frankly, "some plastic beads in rinsing daily chemical products will enter the natural environment with the sewage system, which may bring cumulative environmental impact and harm."
of course, the ban is not "one size fits all". For example, plastic roll bags, fresh-keeping bags, straws from the outer packaging of milk drinks and food can still be used at present. It is worth mentioning that the detailed standard fully takes into account the special circumstances during some major public emergencies, and will be dynamically updated and adjusted according to the actual implementation
"no small steps, even thousands of miles". We should start with a shopping bag and a straw to cultivate a new lifestyle. The interviewed experts said, "starting with these disposable plastic products closely related to daily life, we can guide the public to form green consumption habits in daily life and reduce the use of disposable plastic products."
joint management: all departments and regions implement policies accurately
in fact, "plastic restriction" has long become a global consensus. In recent years, many countries have issued "plastic restriction orders", and international institutions and NGOs (non-governmental organizations) have also issued initiatives to control plastic pollution
in 2018, the European Commission adopted the directive on submitting to the European Parliament and the Council for adoption to reduce the impact of specific plastic products on the environment, and put forward the prohibition measures for some disposable plastic products
in May 2019, 180 countries and regions around the world unanimously adopted the amendment to the Basel Convention in Geneva, bringing the control of cross-border transfer and disposal of plastic waste into the framework of legal constraints
in the same year, Japan formulated the "plastic resource recycling strategy", and included the treatment of marine plastic waste and micro plastics in the important agenda of the G20 summit that year
China, on the other hand, has launched a "white pollution" control war from theory to practice in different regions, fields and stages, and put forward a "China's existing thermosetting composite (epoxy or polyester) is difficult to recycle at the end of its service life" to deal with plastic pollution control
it is reported that the relevant departments have taken active actions to improve their political position and mission awareness, refine the deployment and compaction, and prepare for the realization of the 2020 phased goals
the market supervision department has included the plastic products involved in the prohibition into the key points of the annual law enforcement inspection, guiding Beijing to launch a special rectification action for plastic bags from May 1 this year. The commerce department is actively implementing the requirements of the solid waste law, studying and formulating the annual reporting system for the use of disposable plastic products by enterprises such as commodity retail and e-commerce takeout, and guiding the market to establish a centralized purchase and sale system for shopping bags. Industry and information technology departments are organizing key products of degradable materials to tackle key problems and promote the industrialization of degradable materials. The housing and construction department is combining the implementation of domestic waste classification, increasing the classified collection and disposal of plastic waste, and guiding cities that have implemented domestic waste classification to do a good job in plastic reduction. The transportation department has incorporated the treatment of plastic waste into the pollution control of ships and ports in the Yangtze River economic belt, increased the construction of plastic waste collection facilities in ports, and strengthened the investigation and punishment of illegal discharge of plastic waste by ships. The stitches on both sides of the civil aviation and railway seam to the sample should be properly left long. The postal and other departments are also actively promoting the plastic pollution control work in civil aviation, railway transportation, express delivery and other fields
the formation of green production and lifestyle will not be achieved overnight. Comprehensive management departments, industry competent departments, and law enforcement departments need to establish a linkage mechanism that performs their respective duties, assumes their respective responsibilities, cooperates with each other, and works together. It also needs to be actively promoted and implemented by all localities
it is understood that at present, about one-third of the provinces in the country have issued provincial implementation plans, and put forward solutions to deal with "white pollution" in combination with the actual situation of the provinces
on February 10, Hainan Province issued the regulations of Hainan Special Economic Zone on banning disposable non degradable plastic products, which is also the first local regulation for disposable non degradable plastic products in China after the new version of the "plastic restriction order". Hainan Province also announced that from April to November this year, it will organize key industries and places to take the lead in carrying out the pilot work of "plastic ban" in steps and stages
all localities have also introduced relevant policies to deploy the plastic pollution control work as a whole
the relevant documents of Qinghai Province require that we should adhere to orderly governance, fully consider the differences between regions, between urban and rural areas, and between industries, and distinguish provincial capital cities, cities above the prefecture level, counties and ecological functional areas according to the principle of highlighting priorities and orderly promotion, so as to effectively and orderly control plastic pollution by steps, areas and regions
Henan Province has set up four pilot cities, Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Puyang and Xuchang, and proposed to establish and improve the management system of the production, circulation, consumption, recycling and disposal of plastic products in the pilot cities by the end of 2020. The production, sales and use of some plastic products are prohibited and restricted in the urban built-up areas
at the same time, the notice also further compacted local governments, requiring all regions to improve their political positions, further enhance the sense of urgency and sense of doing a good job in plastic pollution control, and strengthen the implementation of the work. The provincial implementation plan will be issued before the middle of August to refine and decompose the tasks and compact them layer by layer; Urge provincial capital cities, cities specifically designated in the state plan, and cities above the prefecture level to analyze and evaluate key and difficult issues in various fields, focus on the phased goals by the end of 2020, study and propose operable and effective specific promotion measures, and ensure that the goals and tasks are completed on schedule
green consumption: the "action group" that needs more active participation
for plastic pollution control, changing the one-time consumption habits and actively looking for environmental protection alternatives are the key to solve the problem
in fact, there are a variety of alternative products, and a fashionable and environmental friendly "journey to plastic reduction" is starting. For example, many supermarkets offer non-woven bags and environmental protection bags instead of plastic shopping bags; Disposable degradable plastic straw is being applied and popularized; Many qualified catering enterprises provide consumers with reusable tableware, and some fast-food enterprises are also actively using disposable bamboo wooden or degradable plastic tableware as alternative products
at the same time, improving packaging design and promoting new packaging are also good ways to reduce plastic weight. Recently, a catering chain brand announced that consumers can directly drink cold drinks without solids through the new cup cover, which is a better alternative to the combination of "straw + cup cover", and gradually stop using plastic straw through the plastic reduction behavior on food packaging. It is understood that this plastic reduction measure will cover all restaurants in mainland China under the chain brand in 2020, and is expected to reduce the use of plastic by 400 tons. In addition, a takeaway enterprise has continuously promoted the cooperation between packaging enterprises and businesses, and launched new environmental protection packaging such as "Zero plastic pizza box"
the interviewed experts said that for consumers, it is extremely important to form green consumption awareness such as "plastic reduction is in action" and "plastic reduction has me". In this regard, the expert suggested: "all localities and departments should strengthen public publicity and unite the consensus of social plastic reduction. At the same time, all localities, relevant industry associations and retail enterprises should guide consumers to start from themselves, such as providing recyclable cloth bags when shopping, and giving priority to using recyclable shopping bags and degradable plastic shopping bags when shopping bags are needed."
it is worth mentioning that there is no need to worry about the supply of raw materials required for alternative products. China Economic Herald learned that within the scope of the target tasks by the end of 2020, the consumption of non degradable disposable shopping bags, non degradable disposable plastic straws, non degradable disposable knives, forks and spoons and other plastic products is expected to be about 300000 tons. The raw materials of non-woven fabrics, bamboo, wood, paper and other substitutes are sufficient, and the annual supply of degradable plastic raw materials is about 400000 tons, which can meet the supply of raw materials required to ensure substitution
at the same time, in order to promote the effective supply of alternative products, relevant industry associations are actively organizing the connection between supply and demand of retail, catering enterprises and alternative product manufacturers. Relevant departments are also actively promoting the improvement of degradable plastic standards, signs and identification systems to increase the market recognition of degradable plastic products
plastic pollution control is a long-term systematic project. To achieve this goal, we need the coordination of all departments and the linkage between the upper and lower levels. It also requires the active participation of each of us and the joint efforts of the whole society